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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2566\margr4195\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2566\margrsxn4195\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li598\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5261 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 STAGES OF LIFE : POSITION OF WOMEN{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-25 75}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri31\sb235\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 emplation, living 'there on the simplest fare, roots., \expndtw5 nd fruits, etc. Last of all was the stage of \i Sannydsa, \i0\expndtw10 vhen all worldly connections were cut asunder and he body was subjected to mortification with a view \expndtw3 o probing into the mysteries of existence and realising \expndtw4 he ultimate Reality. The \i Sannydst \i0 subsisted on what-\expndtw1 ver he got by begging, and dedicated himself to the \expndtw2 tfomulgation and dissemination of Truth and Right-\expndtw12 ousness. Such was the scheme of life enjoined on \expndtw0 he upper three classes by the law-givers, but it is doubt-\expndtw3 ul how far their injunctions were followed in practice. \expndtw-4 Vt any rate, it appears that \i Sannydsa \i0 was generally meant \expndtw6 or, and embraced by, the Brahmans only.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb206\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex82\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ^osition of Women}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li17\fi365\ri0\sb142\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The \i Dharmasdsfras \i0 give us some idea of the \expndtw18 )osition of women. At one place Manu says : \expndtw17 'Where women are worshipped (honoured), the \expndtw2 jods shower their blessings; but where they are not \expndtw9 lonoured, all acts are fruitless.\super 9\nosupersub '\super 1\nosupersub  Curiously, how\-\expndtw12 ever, in another verse he regards them as a source \expndtw6 \}f evil leading men astray\super 2\nosupersub . He does not also con-\expndtw2 :emplate that a woman could ever be independent; she \expndtw6 was to be under the tutelage or guardianship of her \super\expndtw8 :\nosupersub ather in childhood, of her husband in youth, and of \expndtw9 let sons in old age.\super 3\nosupersub  Further, according to Manu, \expndtw1 vomen were of unstable temperaments, and they could \expndtw5 lot, therefore, be called as witnesses.\super 4\nosupersub  He countenan-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li425\fi0\ri0\sb271\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 c\loch\af1\hich\af1\dbch\f3\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af1\dbch\af3\loch\f1\cchs0   q-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li768\fi0\ri0\sb98\sa0\sl-216\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex81\expndtw5\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ^aittj, \scaps t ^prt \scaps0 <ta"feraTsq5*rr: fern it}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri26\sb0\sa0\sl-216\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 (Manusmriti, \i0 III,  5 6).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li324\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-216\slmult0\tx3770 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex70\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs29 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw1 */-, n, 213).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li336\fi0\ri0\sb22\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li324\fi0\ri0\sb252\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 4\nosupersub  \i Ibid., \i0 VIII, 77.}\par }